Tamanho da Letra:
Verdes europeus vão pressionar a TyssenKrupp
Depois de conversar com Daniel Cohn-Bendit, Sirkis reuniu-se com o bloco verde do Parlamento Europeu para tratar do assunto das emissões de GEE da CSA/Tyssen.
O grupo verde do parlamento europeu vai entrar no assunto das emissões de gases de efeito estufa da Companhia Siderúrgica do Atlântico (CSA). Além de participarem, ativamente da campanha que pretende obrigar a empresa a aumentar substancialmente suas medidas de mitigação, os verdes europeus pretendem investigar se houve burla de leis ou normas da UE, quando a empresa alemã decidiu transferir sua produção de placas de aço para consumo próprio e exportação para Santa Cruz, fazendo com que, quando estiver em pleno funcionamento, as emissões do município do Rio aumentem em 86%.
Abaixo, a troca de documentos oficiais entre Sirkis e Catherine Gèze, a porta-voz do bloco verde europeu para relações com os países do Mercosul.
Declaração oficial do grupo verde no Parlamento Europeu
The Green Group of the European Parliament is seriously concerned by the establishment of Companhia Siderurgica do Atlantico activities in the Rio de Janeiro region.
The activities of this company are dangerous as they contradict essential commitments regarding the fight against climate change and respect of the environment.
We acknowledge the efforts made by CSA ThyssenKrupp to ensure that their activities will not damage the mangrove area or fishing communities. However, the emissions associated with such activities are unacceptable.
We are informed that CSA ThyssenKrupp's activities will produce 9.7 million tons of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) per year when in full scale production. This is nearly 12 times the emissions of all industrial emissions from the Rio de Janeiro municipality and this project will account for nearly 76% of the city's GHG.
Furthermore, the start of such activities would be a contradictory signal to the GHG reduction ambitions of the mayor of Rio, Eduardo Paes, in a time when the international community is working towards a binding agreement to reduce GHG. The outsourcing of German multinational company CSA ThyssenKrupp's polluting activities to Brazil is no more than a displacement of pollution in an emerging and more vulnerable country.
The Green Group of the European Parliament therefore demands that ambitious mitigation goals are essential if this project is to be realised. These mitigation actions must be implemented in order to safeguard and respect the fundamental rights of peoples, especially of the indigenous peoples who all too often suffer the consequences of badly implemented forest conservation projects.
CSA ThyssenKrupp envisage a programme that will offset 1.1 million tons of CO2 equivalent -given that CSA ThyssenKrupp's activities are foreseen to produce 9.7 million tons of GHG, this is not enough.
member of the Green Group in the European Parliament.
Carta de Sirkis aos verdes europeus
To the Green Group in the European Parliament
As we have agreed upon I am sending you a summary about the situation of the Companhia Siderurgica do Atlantico (CSA) plant established by TyssenKrupp with Brazilian company Vale as a minor associate, in Rio de Janeiro’s district of Santa Cruz, with it’s port on the Sepetiba Bay. The plant is practically completed and will begin to produce in 2010.
It will be the biggest steel plant in Brazil producing 5 million tons/year of steel blocks all for export (basically to by processed by the same company). It is a 5 billion euros investment and will produce no more than 3500 direct jobs. The company states the possibility of another 10 000 indirect ones but this estimate cannot by independently verified at this time.
There have been a number of conflicts involving the CSA. The local social and environmental issues concern impacts on a mangrove area, the drugging of the Sepetiba bay and subsequent conflicts with fishermen communities. There have been also some accusations by a professor of the Osvaldo Cruz Foundation concerning local air pollution. We have looked into those matters and think that the mangrove and fishermen issues have been satisfactory dealt with by the company through reforestation and compensation projects. We do not have a definitive judgment on the local air pollution accusations and expect the company to answer in as precise and detailed way to the accusations. Considering that TyssonKrupp has the technology to neutralize these kinds of effects and that this issue was looked at in the long process leading to the concession of permits by the state environmental authorities, we can not, at this time, either endorse or rule out these allegations.
Our central concern are the CSA greenhouse gas emissions and the possibility that the installation of this plant in Rio de Janeiro somehow follows a strategy of escaping from European regulations and greenhouse gas reduction goals which would be quite disturbing since we are dealing with global impacts.
The CSA TyssenKrupp will produce 9.7 million ton of greenhouse gas emissions per year when in full-scale production. This represents near to 12 times the emissions of all the other Rio de Janeiro municipality’s industrial emissions according to the inventory of 1998. At that time all of Rio’s industries summed up 790 000 tons of CO2 eq/year. The industrial emissions were going down at that time and no other major industry has been installed since. It will represent an overall growth of 76% in the cities global greenhouse gases emission and will demoralize the recently announced goals of reduction of the cities greenhouse gas emissions by 2020, made by the mayor of Rio, Eduardo Paes. This situation is particularly delicate since Rio is a very symbolic city having hosted the 1992 Conference an chosen to host the 2016 Olympic Games.
As chairman of the Rio Greens and their speaker at the City Council I have had several discussions with high-level local executives of CSA. They have been very polite and open to dialogue though not very forthcoming in giving me the information on their emissions. The allegation is, of course, the fact that the Brazilian environmental legislation, up to very recently, ignored the greenhouse gas emission issue as a consequence of the Kyoto Protocol paradigm. This is changing and recently the ministry of Environment has issued a directive including greenhouse gas emissions as an issue of interest in the environmental impact asessments and is studying mandatory mitigation of emissions.
The CSA so far has presented me with only one mitigation project with a potential of neutralizing 1.1 million tons of CO2 eq, concerning the production of low carbon cement.
It is interesting to explain how, as a member of the City Council, I became evolved and aware of this problem. In a time when some European countries implement or discuss a carbon tax, CSA TyssenKrupp has been awarded tax stimulants by Rio’s state and city governments! The city tax stimulant represents close to 16 million euros. In an amendment we designated 50% of it for mandatory use in mitigation projects an introduced the legal obligation (that had never been mentioned before!) for the CSA to inform officially every year precise data on it’s greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation projects.
My dear green friends,
I do not consider this mater to be a Rio de Janeiro local issue, nor a Brazilian one. Nor do I consider it to concern only the German Greens --hoping they will be interested in it too-- it is a strongly symbolic case of a process that clearly breaches the European effort to reduce emissions accordingly to the existing agreements since Kyoto. It is not only a vulgar example of “de-localization” of a company with local impacts to a developing country. It is a preview of a kind of operation that can by set by heavily carbonized industries to systematically evade EU regulations and emission reduction goals. So it is important for European Greens to give a serious look at it and help us in our effort to make CSA TyssenKrupp mitigate as much as possible. We are setting out the initial bar radically at a 100% mitigation though various kinds of projects (reforestation, methane neutralization and reuse in dumps and landfills, “green” cement, etc.) We are sure that a significant mitigation result can be achieved if we are capable of launching an international campaign and exerting pressure on TyssenKrupp in Europe.
Chairman of the Rio de Janeiro Green Party.